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Sunday, July 14, 2013

JAMAICA PEOPLE

Jamaican People Out Of Many One

Jamaican People

The Tainos
Sad Jamaican Family are burying 4 family members all at once
The original inhabitants of Jamaica were said to be the Taino who spoke a language known as Arawakan. They were believe to arrive in the country migrating from North of the Orinoco Basin about 650.AD.The Taino depended mainly on farming ,fishing and hunting for survival. They cultivate Cassava from which they made bread called bammy .They cooked their meat on a four legged stand called a bucan; made of spiced wood called pimento. This is a method that we now called barbecue in which the meat placed and is roasted over and open fire. These people are no longer in existence however they have left a long lasting legacy with us since they were the ones to first name the island Xamaica.                         

ChineseJamaican People
The Chinese came to Jamaica as indentured workers who later established themselves as bakers, shopkeepers, and restaurant owners. They have gave the culture a Chinese cuisine flavor.They maintained link to old traditions ,and many Chinese in Jamaica still celebrate the Chinese new year which is usually done with a large celebratory dinner with family.
The Irish
 
The Irish arrived about 350 years ago somewhere in the mid 1600s.The legacy of the Irish is still seen in the places names, such as Dublin Castle, Irish pen. Irish town, Sligoville, Kildare, Leinster Road and Belfast. Their connection in Jamaica goes beyond the names of places. Similarities can be found in a shared history of colonial domination and the achievement of independence in the same century. Other similarities include the fact that some Accompong Maroons formation bear the passing resemblance to the Irish reel; and the Jamaican Constabulary is patterned after the Royal Iris Constabulary ,complete with the red stripe on the pants leg. Their love of laughter, spirit of song, horses and gambling, along with their willingness to live for the moment is the legacy they have given to the Jamaicans. people


The Syrian and The Lebanese Jamaican People
The Syrian And the Lebanese un like other immigrants from China and India di not come as indentured labourers .Like the Jews who arrived centuries before came on their own of their own free will although fleeing religious persecution. Many started peddling and became successful as merchants. Over time they open dry goods stores in down town Kingston. Many of these store are still operating even until today in areas such as Orange street , West Queen Street ,King and Harbour Streets. These people have preserve their culture over the years ,mostly through their cuisine of traditional dishes such as Kibbeh, tabouleh, hummus, and stuffed grapes leaves. They are the ones who introduced the popular flat bread known as Syrian in their diet added to the Jamaican Cuisine.

Portuguese Jamaican people
Most Portuguese came to Jamaica were Sephardi Jews who fled their country because of the Spanish Inquisition which persecuted individuals of Jewish faith.
Many of them were merchants and money lenders and changers they were never farmers. They also became successful traders as they traded pepper, cocoa, vanilla, pimento and sugar.
The Jews who were said to introduce sugar cultivation technology to Brazil in the 1520’s are largely credited with doing the same for Jamaica about 1530.The Jews remain in Jamaican after the British conquest and began to practice their religion openly as they established synagogues of which only one remains today, Synagogue Sha’are Shalom ,the house of worship of the United Congregation on Israelites.

The Spanish Jamaican People

The Spanish coming to the Caribbean dates back to over 500 years. They change the landscape of Jamaica’s history. The reminders of this historically period are the names of places all over the island, Such as Ocho Rios, Rio Bueno, Santa Cruz, Rio Cobre, Port Antonio and most importantly Spanish Town Formerly known as ST. Jago dela Vega.a town which became the centre of life and history in Jamaica. The Spanish introduced many crops to Jamaica such as sugar cane ,bananas, and citrus. They produced most of the domesticated animals found on the island today including pigs, horsed, goats cats, dogs, cats and chicken
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The AfricansJamaican People
Millions of African came to Jamaican after they were taken from Africa. Those who came were mainly from the Ashanti, Coromantee, Mandingo and Yoruba tribe, Their influence on the Jamaican is incredible.
The Jamaican language is strongly influenced by these people it is most evident in the local dialect. which is largely evolved from the intermingling of African and the English language. The influence of the African is also reflected in the development of our matriarchal society, music, our dance, oral traditions, our superstitions and cuisine. The survival of many of our traditions by a people who manage to preserve the many of our African traditions is testament to the strength and resilience of these people

The Germans
The Germans arrived in Jamaica shortly after emancipation, they came as labourers. Many of them settled in Seaford Town in Westmoreland and started farming on 500 acres of land denoted by Lord Seaford in 1835.Today many traditional German cottages still exist in Seaford Town. About 600 residents claim they are have direct linkage to the Germans lineage. Many still retain the distinct features of German Geology. There are some places in the hillier region of the country still bearing German names such as Manhertz gap, Charlotten-burge, Mount Holstein, Bremen Valley, New Brunswick and Hessen Castle.

The IndiansJamaican People
The Indians first came to the island as indentured labourers in 1845.a decade after Emancipation. These are the new Jamaican people who brought mangoes, curry and other spices to the island. They were to grow rice successfully and established a rice mill in the1890;s.The Indians also introduced several and trees the most common among them being the coolie plum , mango, jack-fruit and tamarind. Today curry goat, and roti dishes are ranked high on the list of Jamaican cuisine. Mangoes are one of the island’s most liked and cherished fruits and the Jamaican people look forward to the season which runs from May to July although some people have developed species that last almost all year round.

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The English
Jamaica people

The English came to Jamaica in 1665 when they capture the island from the Spanish. They too have left some of their distinct culture. The English Plum pudding can be seen reflected in our cuisine as the Jamaican fruit cake. Our written and accepted formal English came from the British. Our Parliamentary and judiciary system, education system are predominant British. Many children were fathered by the British.

The Scots
These people like the Germans and Irish were all encouraged to come to Jamaica shortly after Emancipation. This was an attempt by Government to established European township. This lead to place names after Scots just like the Irish and Germans. You will come across names suchCulloden( the site of Jacobite battle,) Craigie and Aberdeen are reflection of stron Scotish ties. The Kingston and St.Andrew Scots Kirk Church founded in 1819 by a group of Scottish merchants. It is one of the oldest churches on the island and held the distinction of Jamaica’s main Presbyterian Church until the merger in 1965 when Presbyterian and Congregational churches merged to form the United Church of Jamaica and Grand Cayman .The St. Andrew Choir was formed in the this Church and is renowned for its contribution to Jamaica Choral of Music.
Credit is given to :Sources Scotia Group/Jamaica Gleaner/Jamaica.gov.
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